Male prostatitis can be bacterial or non-bacterial. The first reason is due to different pathogens: staphylococci, streptococci, but streptococci, . . . Non-bacterial prostatitis occurs due to the influence of factors that cause blood stasis inPelvic.
When the first signs of prostatitis appear, it is urgent to see a urologist. Only a specialist can determine the presence and type of prostatitis and prescribe treatment with certain drugs.
Medical treatment of prostatitis in men is considered the most effective solution to get rid of this dangerous disease. It aims to:
- to eliminate the causes of the disease;
- to prevent inflammatory processes in the prostate gland;
- to relieve pain and spasms.
There are several classes of drugs used in drug therapy for the disease.
Drug therapy for prostatitis is carried out using a variety of groups of drugs. However, only a doctor can decide how to treat male prostatitis with medication in each case. He chooses the necessary funds depending on the form of the disease, as well as the nature of its course.
In most cases, treatment is carried out with:
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- antispasmodic drugs;
- hormonal agents;
- alpha blockers;
- immunomodulatory drugs;
- muscle relaxants.
The drugs used in the treatment of prostatitis are used in different combinations, both in the acute form of the disease and in its chronic stage.
Antibiotics and NSAIDs
Antibiotics are prescribed to kill the pathogenic bacteria that cause the disease and reduce the acute or chronic inflammatory process. Release form of these drugs can be tablets, capsules, injections, rectal suppositories.
In men, treatment of acute prostatitis can be carried out with the following antibacterial drugs from the group of fluoroquinolones, which have a wide effect.
For the treatment of chronic prostatitis, tetracycline or macrolide antibiotics should be used.
The average course of antibiotic use for prostatitis is 2-3 weeks.
In the case of ineffective antibiotic treatment or in the case of a non-bacterial disease, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed.
NSAIDs actively suppress any inflammation, reduce puffiness, and have pronounced analgesic properties. Due to the adverse effects of these drugs on the patient's gastrointestinal system, short-term courses of drug administration are recommended weekly intervals.
With prostatitis in men will decrease erectile function of the penis. To restore it and normalize the endocrine system, hormone therapy is prescribed. It is also necessary to eliminate inflammatory processes in the affected organ.
Prostatitis often causes urinary problems. Muscle relaxation is needed to facilitate the flow of urine. For this purpose, the doctor prescribes alpha blockers.
The drug acts on the sympathetic nervous system, needed to control the tone of the smooth muscles of the bladder and urethra. After taking drugs of this group, the muscles relax, reduce spasm and the amount of urine is normalized. In addition, funds are needed to eliminate inflammation and pain during urination.
Treatment of prostatitis with drugs of this group is carried out for a long time. They are usually appointed for at least six months.
After taking antibiotics to treat prostatitis, the patient's body fell into a debilitating state. Along with harmful microorganisms, useful microorganisms are also destroyed. During this period, a man is most susceptible to infection. To reduce the likelihood of dangerous consequences, complications, viral and bacterial diseases, essential vitamins, elements and minerals are prescribed.
To replenish the body, it is important to supplement with immunomodulators. They not only help increase local immunity but also help protect the body in general.
To reduce muscle tone, muscle relaxants are prescribed. They normalize blood flow so that prostate fluid is fully secreted. In addition, the fund can eliminate pain syndrome.
With prostatitis, many men experience strong pain syndrome, pain when urinating blood. All medications taken, to one degree or another, influence the source of the pain. However, they may not always be able to fully cope with unpleasant feelings.
With strong pain syndrome, analgesics are indicated.
The drug is available both in the form of tablets and solution for injection. Doctors note that it is better to influence the source of the pain in liquid form. On their basis, enemas are performed. This preparation quickly approaches the source of pain, helping to cope with the pain syndrome in a short time.
Prostatitis is characterized by not only psycho-physiological changes. With one disease, a man suffers from reduced capacity, problems with erectile function. The penis is not always ready for intimacy.
Men began to worry a lot about this. After all, violation in the sexual field for many patients is one of the most serious manifestations of the disease. Therefore, the patient's psychology is affected.
To restore the nervous system, a sedative is required. They are also essential if in everyday life a man is often stressed and experiences stressful situations. Such phenomena negatively affect an already weakened organism.
If serious psychiatric disturbances are noted, a sedative should be used.
It should be remembered that the sedative is taken for a short time. After all, the body can get used to a constant intake of active ingredients. If you exceed the dosage, then various complications may appear.
There are also other drugs prescribed for prostatitis. But they are not considered an essential remedy in the treatment process.
Anticholinergics are needed to normalize urination, blood circulation and increase potency.
It is possible to reduce swelling of the tissues of the prostate gland with the help of antihistamines. But remember that such funds are very powerful. Therefore, it is prescribed only by a doctor.
All drugs require a specific dosage regimen. It must be administered by a urologist when prescribing therapeutic stages.
Drugs for treatment of prostatitis are carried out with the mandatory use of rectal suppositories. Suppositories are a more acceptable dosage form, as they act directly on the source of inflammation. In this case, the pain and negative processes are quickly eliminated.
Dissolved in the rectum, the ingredients are immediately delivered through the bloodstream to the diseased organ. That is, the effect occurs after 15-20 minutes. This is especially true when the pain from inflammation becomes intolerable.
Unlike suppositories, the same tablets or capsules first enter the stomach, then, dissolve, pass through the liver, at the same time losing a number of beneficial substances and properties.
In addition, suppositories are considered safer, as they do not affect the functioning of the kidneys and liver.
The variety of rectal suppositories is quite large. They may contain:
- antispasmodic drugs;
- beekeeping products;
- components of the prostate gland of cattle.
Suppositories are almost always based on coconut oil. Thanks to him, the rapid absorption of the medicinal ingredients is guaranteed. Many capsules contain vitamins and minerals that help boost immunity.
Some men can only use suppositories or tablets that are banned due to diseases of the digestive tract (GIT).
Candles are to be used only after douching. They should be inserted at least 2-4 cm. After the introduction, you must lie in bed for about half an hour. The procedure can be done at home.
There are many drugs and techniques to treat prostatitis. But they will only work when combined.
Of course, medicinal pills work as well, but recovery is much faster if you add physiotherapy and folk formulas to them.