Let's talk about why prostatitis happens and how it manifests, and also look at the most effective medications to treat it.
Prostatitis: the nature and course of the disease
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland (prostate gland). Since the prostate gland is an organ of the male reproductive system, prostatitis develops only in men. Depending on the nature of the course of the disease, acute and chronic prostatitis are distinguished. What is their difference?
Less common but requires urgent medical attention. With acute prostatitis, men complain of:
- increased body temperature, chills;
- pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, perineum, and anus;
- increased need to urinate.
In this case, painful urination, pain and burning in the urethra or difficulty - urinary retention. Then ask for medical advice immediately.
There may be signs of inflammation or no symptoms (asymptomatic), this also requires prompt treatment and periodic monitoring by a urologist/endocrinologist. Symptoms during a relapse of the disease are similar to those occurring during an acute episode, however, they are of less intensity.
Causes of prostatitis
The occurrence of prostatitis is related to two groups of factors that cause prostatitis.
The first group includes sexually transmitted infections, when the causative agent enters the tissues of the prostate gland during unprotected sex or daily close interaction (eg, using abath towel).
This also includes chronic infections with other foci, for example, ENT organs (tonsillitis, sinusitis), urinary tract, intestines, etc. v.
If we talk about non-infectious factors in the development of prostatitis, the list is broader.Congestion in the pelvic organsIt is the most common cause of prostatitis. They arise against the background of a sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work, prolonged sexual abstinence. But there are other important factors as well.
Decreased general immunityoften lead not only to colds, but also to exacerbation of chronic conditions, including prostatitis.
HypothermiaIt also affects the body's resistance to infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Prostate damagewith bruises and falls, they contribute to the development of edema, which leads to the typical symptoms of prostatitis: pain in the perineum, difficulty urinating.
Final,unbalanced dietandbad habitsincreased risk of nonbacterial prostatitis.
When are antibiotics warranted for prostatitis?
It is reasonable to prescribe antibiotics to treat prostatitis if the analysis shows bacteria to be the causative agent. Usually, bacterial prostatitis is associated with E. coli, Klebsiella, staphylococcus, enterococci, and corynebacteria.
Another situation where antibiotics may be prescribed is when initially noninfectious prostatitis is complicated by an additional bacterial infection. However, this must also be confirmed by laboratory tests. In some cases, antibiotics are prescribed before or after prostate surgery.
How is bacterial prostatitis treated??
This therapy is very complex. In addition to antimicrobial drugs, there is a whole list of drugs that work with the symptoms of the disease:
- analgesics, antispasmodics, NSAIDs;
- alpha 1 blocker;
- drugs that affect the blood supply;
- Plant extracts;
- vitamins and minerals;
- antidepressants, tranquilizers, tranquilizers.
10 effective remedies in the treatment of prostatitis: an overview of the best drugs according to customer reviews
This review of the best medicines for prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia, like adenoma), as well as information about their costs, is for informational purposes only. Information on the drug is obtained from the official instructions. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to undergo a complex examination and make sure that the processes occurring inside the gland are benign.
The prescribed treatment regimens and drug dosages may differ from those prescribed by your healthcare professional. Be guided by the advice of the physician who prescribed this or that remedy.
The best medicine
An effective drug of animal origin based on prostate extract (this substance is obtained from the tissues of the prostate gland of bulls). It relieves pain, swelling, and discomfort caused by prostatitis or BPH caused by bacteria.
Restores blood microcirculation and prevents the formation of blood clots. Stimulates muscle tone of the bladder, normalizes the process of urination, improves potency.
The frequency of use of the drug is 1 tablet x 2 times / day.
The duration of treatment with tablets for prostatitis is at least 1 month, for chronic prostatitis - at least 10 days.
To prevent exacerbations of prostatitis, the duration of hospitalization is at least 1 month 1-2 times a year.
Individual intolerance to the components.
The drug is intended for use only by men and is not suitable for women and children. Before starting and, if necessary, during treatment with tablets, you should do an analysis of the secretion of the prostate gland.
Combined homeopathic medicine in the form of tablets or drops under the tongue. The agent has an anti-inflammatory effect, improves microcirculation in the tissues of the prostate gland and other organs of the genitourinary system, restores potency in prostatitis.
The drug is used in the complex treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the prostate gland (including prostatitis and BPH) and urinary bladder (cystitis, atony).
1 tablet is dissolved under the tongue half an hour before meals or an hour after 3 times a day, otherwise - at the discretion of the attending physician. The duration of the course of treatment for prostatitis and prostatitis is 3 months, for cystitis - 1 - 2 weeks.
The product is not used for children under 16 years of age and people who are hypersensitive to the ingredients of the drug. Leave without prescription.
Drugs based on Tamsulosin for effective symptomatic treatment of adenomas and prostatitis. The drug belongs to the group of alpha1 blockers, which explains its pharmacological action.
The drug reduces smooth muscle tone of the prostate gland, bladder neck, and urethra, which improves urine flow and relieves symptoms of irritation. A therapeutic effect can be seen within 2 weeks of starting treatment with the agent.
1 capsule (0. 4 mg or 0. 2 mg) once daily. The duration of use for prostatitis and BPH is set separately by the doctor.
Who is contraindicated?
The drug is not used for men with hypersensitivity to active ingredients and auxiliary substances, arterial hypotension, severe liver and kidney failure, and people under 18 years of age.
Combined herbal remedy for men - an additional source of flavonoids (extracts from African plums and aromatic martinia) and selenium. The drug is used as part of the prevention and complex treatment of prostatitis and prostatic hyperplasia, as well as to reduce potency and problems with urination.
This substance has a decongestant and anti-inflammatory effect, thereby reducing the symptoms of prostatitis and other pelvic discomforts.
The drug is taken 1 tablet 2 times a day with meals for a month. If necessary, repeat the course of treatment or prophylaxis.
Not recommended for men who are sensitive to the ingredients. Supplements, not drugs, are dispensed without a prescription.
Capsules with passion fruit extract
Herbal preparation with passion fruit extract for the treatment of prostate tumors and prostatitis. The drug interferes with the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, causing an overgrowth of prostate tissue. In this case, the agent does not affect the hormonal balance of the blood.
The drug has anti-inflammatory effects, reduces edema and vascular permeability. Thus, the drug helps to reduce the intensity of symptoms of BPH and prostatitis.
Treatment is carried out in courses of at least 30 days. Dosage is 1 capsule (320 mg) per day.
The drug is intended only for adult men in the absence of hypersensitivity to the preparation.
Medicines are sold without a prescription.
Herbal preparations in the form of tablets and solutions for the treatment of prostatitis. Medicines containing extracts from St. John's wort, licorice, echinacea, goldenrod.
The agent has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and bacteriostatic effects. The drug improves the microcirculation of the prostate gland, indicators of fluid and prostate secretions against prostatitis, normalizes urination.
The drug is prescribed 1-2 tablets x 3 times / day. The duration of such treatment is up to 6-7 weeks. The question of a second course is decided by agreement with the doctor.
Tablets and solution should not be taken with acute glomerulonephritis, hypersensitivity to the components. Caution - when banning immunostimulating drugs (due to the content of echinacea).
The best drugs for prostatitis in suppositories
Preparation based on extracts of larvae
A preparation based on extracts of gypsy moth larvae with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects for the treatment of BPH and prostatitis in combination with other agents. Reduces capillary permeability, reduces edema and improves microcirculation in the tissues of the prostate gland.
The drug improves the urine output and general condition of the patient, reduces the frequency of urges (including at night) and eliminates the feeling of emptying of the bladder.
How to register
Dosing regimen - 1 candle per day, preferably at night. The duration of treatment of inflammatory processes in prostatitis and BPH is 1 to 3 months.
Who is contraindicated?
Suppositories should not be used in men with intolerance to the components, acute urinary retention, malignancy of the prostate gland.
Combined preparation with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory action for the treatment of acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, as well as for use before and after prostate surgery.
Unlike tablets, the medicine in the suppository contains, in addition to prostate extract, the antibiotic lomefloxacin. The drug helps to reduce tissue edema, relieve pain and discomfort, increase bladder muscle tone, improve indicators of male sexual function.
How to register
Mode of administration - 1 suppository per day after bowel movements. After referral, the patient should be in bed for 30-40 minutes. The course of treatment for prostatitis and BPH lasts 10 to 30 days, depending on laboratory tests.
Hypersensitivity to the components of the suppository, age up to 18 years.
With caution in cerebral atherosclerosis and central nervous system disorders with epileptic syndrome.
The side effects of the drug, with the exception of allergies, are related to the presence of antibiotics in the composition of the drug.
Prepared with Prostate Extract and Zinc
A preparation with prostate extract and zinc (argnyl glycinate) for the treatment of chronic prostatitis, incl. with impaired spermatogenesis and potency, BPH, as well as conditions before/after prostate surgery.
The remedy reduces the degree of edema and inflammation, pain syndrome, stimulates the tone of the bladder muscles and improves blood circulation in the tissues of the prostate gland. At the same time, the drug helps to increase the level of free testosterone and improve the quality of semen, normalizing male sexual function.
How to register
The dosage regimen for prostatitis and other diseases of the gland is 1 candle per day after douching or defecation. The duration of treatment is 10-20 days.
Suppositories are not suitable for patients under 18 years of age, men with intolerance to the components of the drug, use caution - for hemorrhoids, anal fissures, osteomyelitis, etc. v.
Prepare pumpkin seeds
An herbal preparation based on pumpkin seed oil for the treatment of prostatitis and related sexual disorders, BPH, in proctology - for hemorrhoids, fissures, rehabilitation after surgery, etc. v.
This tool has several positive effects:
- liver protection;
- Protect the skin.
The drug inhibits proliferative processes in the prostate gland (stops pathological cell proliferation), reduces the intensity of inflammatory processes and has a bacteriostatic effect.
How to register
The dosage regimen of the drug in the treatment of prostatitis and other urinary problems, as well as in the treatment of diseases - 1 suppository 1-3 times a day for 10-15 days and more than 4 weeks.
The drug is not used for people who are hypersensitive to the components of the drug.
- Prostate disease can be acute or chronic (with or without symptoms).
- Prostatitis can be infectious and non-infectious.
- Antibiotics are given only if there is a bacterial infection.
- To relieve inflammatory symptoms and prevent exacerbations, different groups of drugs of natural or synthetic origin are used. The treatment program and duration of the course are determined by the doctor.
- Plant and animal extracts, vitamins and minerals needed to maintain men's health make up a significant portion of such pharmaceuticals. However, they also have a list of contraindications, so you can not self-medicate.
- Dosage forms are designed primarily for oral or topical use, but there are also liquid forms for injection.